Dichromanthus is a small genus of terrestrial orchids that reaches it northern limits in the southwestern United States and extends southward through the mountains of Mexico to Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. In some species, such as D. cinnabarinus, the leaves are present at flowering times, while D. michuacanus produces its flowering stem in the fall, after the basal leaves have already faded. The flowers are resupinate and usually covered with fine hairs that may slow down the drying effects of the hot sun and low humidity. Most species are considered widespread and may be common locally. Only D. yucundaa is considered a narrow endemic restricted to the Mexican state of Oaxaca.