Bletia arizonica (S.Watson) Sosa & M.W. Chase

Arizona Crested Coral Root

Facts About

Accepted Synonyms: Corallorhiza arizonica, Hexalectris arizonica, Hexalectris spicata var. arizonica

Bletia arizonica, the Arizona Crested Coral Root, is restricted to the southwest and was formerly described as a self-pollinating variety of the more widespread Bletia spicata. The leafless, pinkish-brown stem of B. arizonica has tan to brown flowers that lack a rostellum which helps to distinguish this species from other members of the genus. The flower, which may only partially open, has a 3-lobed labellum with five reddish-purple crests along the entire length of the central lobe. This orchid is rarely found out in the open but prefers wooded areas including the sides of canyons and canyon bottoms.

Bletia arizonica is considered vulnerable throughout its range and is usually found as widely scattered individuals, rarely forming small colonies.


The flowers of this orchid lack a rostellum and are autogamous.

Ecosystem Type



Leaf arrangement:
this plant has no leaves
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is lobed
Main color of labellum:
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
the labellum is lobed
Labellum length:
14–16 mm
Plant height:
15–70 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank Vulnerable
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data