Bletia patula Hook.

Flor de Pasmo, Haitian Pine Pink

Facts About

Accepted Synonym: Bletia patula var. alba

Bletia patula, the Flor de Pasmo, is widely scattered in Mexico, the West Indies, Central and South America and was believed to be extirpated in South Florida until it was recently rediscovered in Everglades National Park. This tall orchid has pseudobulbs up to 5 cm in diameter and produces long, plicate leaves similar to those of B. purpurea. From March into May, several flowers develop on an elongated raceme and range in color from pure white to a deep pink. The large sepals of the flowers, followed by the pendulous fruit capsule, help to distinguish this orchid from B. purpurea which usually blooms earlier in the season. This orchid prefers pinelands, and may occur on cliffs, banks and rocks in moist to wet areas.

Bletia patula is considered apparently secure because of its widespread distribution but it is critically imperiled in Florida, where heavy urbanization in the greater Miami area has destroyed much of its habitat.


These flowers do not contain nectar but use food deception to attract bees for pollination. Fruit set is generally low compared to those orchids that provide rewards to pollinators.

Ecosystem Type

Marshes, stream bank, swamps, woodlands


Leaf arrangement:
  • basal
  • whorled
Number of leaves on stem:
  • three
  • four
  • five
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is lobed
Main color of labellum:
  • blue to purple
  • pink to red
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
the labellum is lobed
Labellum length:
30–35 mm
Sepal length:
30–40 mm
Plant height:
Up to 100 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank Apparently Secure
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data