Dendrophylax porrectus (Rchb.f.) Carlsward and Witten

Jingle Bell Orchid, Needleroot Orchid

Facts About

Accepted Synonyms: Aeranthes porrecta, Campylocentrum porrectum, Harrisella porrecta

Dendrophylax porrectus, the Needleroot Orchid, is a small, leafless orchid with chlorophyllous roots found in Florida, and in the Greater Antilles, southeastern Mexico, and El Salvador. The numerous roots are a silvery gray-green in color and barely 1 mm wide. The non-resupinate flowers are a pale yellow and are produced in August and September. The capsules are reddish brown when mature, larger than the flowers, and hang in little clusters, suggesting its other common name the "jingle bell orchid". This orchid is often found on old citrus trees and near the edges of hardwood swamps and hammocks.

Dendrophylax porrectus is considered threatened in Florida, although its conservation status has not been determined across its entire range.


Pollinator information for this orchid has not been reported.

Ecosystem Type

Disturbed habitats, forests, shrublands or thickets, swamps, woodlands


Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is lobed
Main color of labellum:
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
  • the labellum is lobed
  • the labellum is saccate
Labellum length:
2–4 mm
Sepal length:
2–3 mm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank N/A
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data