Eltroplectris calcarata (Sw.) Garay & H.R.Sweet

Spurred Neottia

Facts About

Accepted Synonyms: Pelexia setacea, Spiranthes calcarata

Eltroplectris calcarata, commonly known as the Spurred Neottia, is distributed in the West Indies, Bahamas, northern South America, and Florida, where it grows within the Everglades National Park, Miami-Dade Parks, and Highlands Hammock State Park in Highlands County. This orchid has 1 or 2 blue-green leaves on long reddish petioles. It bears an inflorescence of 3-17 greenish white flowers with a delicately fringed and recurved white lip on a terminal raceme. The scape may be up to 50 cm in height and the flowers resemble “egrets-in-flight” with their elongated white sepals. Eltroplectris calcarata blooms in January through March in hardwood hammocks of Florida.

Although Eltroplectris calcarata is considered endangered in Florida, it is apparently secure globally based on populations in the Caribbean and Central and South America.

Pollination

Pollinator information for this orchid has not been reported but its flower morphology and fragrance suggest it may be pollinated by moths.

Ecosystem Type

Forests, marshes, swamps, woodlands

Characteristics

Habitat:
terrestrial
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is fringed
Main color of labellum:
white
Nectar spur:
present
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
the labellum is fringed
Labellum length:
Up to 20 mm
Sepal length:
21–35 mm
Plant height:
50–70 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America

Yes

North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank Apparently Secure
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data