Eulophia graminea Lindl.

Chinese Crown Orchid, Grass Leaved Eulophia

Facts About

Accepted Synonyms: Eulophia gusukumae, Graphorkis decipiens

Eulophia graminea is a terrestrial orchid native to Asia discovered growing in mulched landscapes in south Miami. Mature individuals have large pseudobulbs with narrow leaves and the inflorescence can rise to a height of one meter with spreading flowers that are greenish with dark purple, netted veins. The sepals are lanceolate and acuminate, while the petals are somewhat broader and more acute. The labellum is lobed and can reach up to 12 mm long with a short spur. Eulophia graminea forms a dense monoculture and is now found in rockland hammock and pine rockland habitats and cypress strands, growing in rock, sand, mulch and bare earth.

Eulophia graminea is a naturalized ground orchid with the potential to become an invasive plant spread by airborne seeds and pseudobulbs moved in mulch and soil. Its native range has colder temperatures than Florida, suggesting it may spread northward.

Ecosystem Type

Disturbed habitats


Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is lobed
Main color of labellum:
  • blue to purple
  • green to brown
  • pink to red
  • white
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
  • the labellum has a spur
  • the labellum is lobed
Plant height:
60–80 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank N/A
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data