Galeandra bicarinata G.A.Romero & P.M.Br.

Two Keeled Galeandra

Facts About

There are no synonyms for this orchid.

Galeandra bicarinata, commonly known as the Two Keeled Galeandra, is a rare terrestrial orchid that grows in hammocks in southernmost Florida and extends into Cuba. This orchid produces 1-2 leaves that are light green in color and have narrow, plicate leaf blades that may wither during the flowering period. The inflorescence has 3-17 relatively large flowers on a terminal raceme with sepals and petals that are pale green in color. The labellum is white with green stripes on the ruffled front and crimson stripes that extend inside and a broad, funnel shaped spur. This orchid grows in the decomposed leaf litter of hardwood forests and prefers shade from a closed forest canopy.

Galeandra bicarinata is considered critically imperiled and endangered in Florida. Threats to this orchid include poaching, invasion of non-native plants, and hydrological modifications.


Pollinator information for this orchid has not been reported.

Ecosystem Type

Forests, woodlands


Leaf arrangement:
Number of leaves on stem:
  • one
  • two
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is lobed
Main color of labellum:
  • crimson
  • green to brown
  • white
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
  • the labellum has a spur
  • the labellum is lobed
  • the labellum is saccate
Labellum length:
20–25 mm
Sepal length:
Up to 24 mm
Plant height:
Up to 100 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank Critically Imperiled
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data