Govenia floridana P.M.Br.

Florida Govenia

Facts About

There are no synonyms for this orchid.

Govenia floridana was discovered in the Everglades National Park in 1957 where the isolated colony of plants was originally identified as G. utriculata, a common orchid found throughout tropical America. Examination of the Florida plants revealed distinct differences from the common orchid and the name Govenia floridana was proposed. Mature plants have two green, pleated leaves that are supported by tubular sheaths that are mottled a deep purple. The inflorescence has 5-15 white flowers with small purple dots on a terminal raceme. The resupinate flowers do not open widely, and the concave dorsal sepal is longer than the lateral sepals which are sickle-shaped. This orchid blooms in November and December in the deep shade of hardwood hammocks.

Govenia floridana is considered endemic to Florida where it is listed as endangered. Not seen for several years, this orchid may be extirpated in Florida, possibly extinct, given its treatment here.

Ecosystem Type

Forests, woodlands


Number of leaves on stem:
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is simple
Main color of labellum:
  • blue to purple
  • green to brown
  • white
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum length:
Up to 11 mm
Sepal length:
Up to 15 mm
Plant height:
Up to 50 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank N/A
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data