Greenwoodiella deserticola Salazar, Hernández-López & J. Sharma

Chihuahuan Desert Orchid

Facts About

There are no synonyms for this orchid.

Greenwoodiella deserticola, the Chihuahuan Desert Orchid, has a very limited distribution in the Chisos Mountains of southern Texas and northern Mexico. This recently discovered orchid has a single, leathery leaf that is grayish purple on the underside, and usually withers at the time of flowering. The inflorescence has relatively few tubular flowers and the white labellum with its large yellow blotch and 5 green veins distinguishes this species from similar orchids. It is often found growing in the shade of large Agave plants or oak-juniper-pinyon woodlands.

Although the conservation status for Greenwoodiella deserticola has not been determined, the U.S. Park Service is drafting a Conservation Plan for this newly discovered species.

Ecosystem Type

Shrublands or thickets, woodlands


Leaf arrangement:
Number of leaves on stem:
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is simple
Main color of labellum:
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a spike
Labellum characteristics:
the labellum is simple
Sepal length:
3.5–6.5 mm
Plant height:
23–47 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank N/A
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data