Liparis hawaiensis H.Mann

Awapuhiakanaloa, Hawaiian Twayblade

Facts About

Accepted Synonym: Leptorkis hawaiensis

Liparis hawaiensis, locally known as Awapuhiakanaloa, is endemic to the islands of Hawaii. Each pseudobulb has a pair of basal leaves and produces an inflorescence up to 40 cm in height with several pale green inconspicuous flowers. This orchid occupies a wide range of elevations and habitats including mesic forests and timber plantations and may grow in humus-rich soil or its pseudobulbs may be found on moss covered tree trunks.

Liparis hawaiensis is considered vulnerable and protected by law in Hawaii.


Pollinator information for this orchid has not been reported.

Ecosystem Type

Bogs, forests, shrublands or thickets, woodlands


  • epiphyte
  • terrestrial
Leaf arrangement:
Number of leaves on stem:
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is simple
Main color of labellum:
green to brown
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
the labellum is simple
Labellum length:
10–12 mm
Sepal length:
6–10 mm
Plant height:
5–40 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank Vulnerable
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data