Oeceoclades maculata (Lindl.) Lindl.

African Spotted Orchid

Facts About

Accepted Synonyms: Angraecum monophyllum, Eulophia monophylla

Oeceoclades maculata, the African Spotted Orchid, is native to Africa and Madagascar and is now found throughout the Neotropics, making it one of the most successful invasive plants. Discovered in Florida in 1974, this orchid is rapidly colonizing new habitats in the central and southern portion of the state. This invasive orchid has a solitary, dark green leaf with silver mottling that extends from the apex of a pseudobulb. The inflorescence of 5-15 white and purple flowers is produced from the base of the immature pseudobulb. The white labellum is lobed with pink blotches and has a curved spur. This orchid is found in a variety of habitats including shaded forests and disturbed areas.

The conservation status of Oeceoclades maculata has not been reported but this orchid is included in the World Compendium of Weeds with specific traits related to reproduction and growth that facilitate its spread into new habitats.

Ecosystem Type

Disturbed habitats, forests, woodlands


Leaf arrangement:
Number of leaves on stem:
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is lobed
Main color of labellum:
  • pink to red
  • white
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
  • the labellum has a spur
  • the labellum is lobed
Labellum length:
9–14 mm
Sepal length:
8–12 mm
Plant height:
20–43 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank N/A
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data