Spiranthes parksii Correll

Navasota Ladies' Tresses

Facts About

There are no synonyms for this orchid.

Spiranthes parksii, commonly known as Navasota Ladies' Tresses, is endemic to the rolling hills of the post oak savannah in East Texas. The inflorescence is a solitary spike of small fragrant flowers that spiral up the stem. The short, fat flowers are quite distinctive and extend horizontally from the stem, instead of drooping or nodding as in other Spiranthes. The white flower petals have a green central stripe, and the labellum is distinctly ragged. White-tipped bracts occur underneath each flower. The basal rosette of leaves usually emerge after the leafless inflorescence has started to senesce. This orchid prefers the banks of natural drainages, edges of woodlands, and open areas within the post oak savannah.

Spiranthes parksii is listed as endangered by US Fish and Wildlife Service and the state of Texas and is considered vulnerable because its native range is centered in an area of economic development and population expansion.


This orchid is capable of self-pollination or, as is the case with a number of its relatives, it is capable of producing seeds without sexual reproduction, agamospermy.

Ecosystem Type

Floodplains, woodlands


Leaf arrangement:
Number of leaves on stem:
  • two
  • three
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is simple
Main color of labellum:
  • green to brown
  • white
  • yellow
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a spike
Labellum characteristics:
the labellum is simple
Labellum length:
5–7 mm
Sepal length:
5–8 mm
Plant height:
15–33 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank Vulnerable
US Status Listed Endangered
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data