Tolumnia bahamensis (Nash) Braem

Florida's Dancing Lady

Facts About

Accepted Synonyms: Oncidium bahamense, Tolumnia adamsii

Tolumnia bahamensis, commonly known as Florida's Dancing Lady, is restricted to a small area of coastal scrub in southeastern Florida and the Bahamas. Plants consist of fans of 4-8 leaves with a serrated edge connected by a thin rhizome. It bears an inflorescence of up to 50 flowers that are 2 cm in size and irregularly banded with yellow, brown, green and a white tip. The white labellum is spotted and has a yellow callus. This orchid blooms in April and May and grows at the base of wild rosemary or palmetto scrub, or on pine twigs very low to the ground.

Tolumnia bahamensis is considered vulnerable across its narrow range due to its uncertain distribution in West Indies. In Florida, this orchid is considered endangered where it is threatened by habitat development and illegal collection. Conservation efforts are currently underway to reintroduce thousands of laboratory propagated plants into protected areas.


This orchid is pollinated by male Centris errans bees that mistake the flowers for other insects and attack them. Pollinaria will often attach to the bee’s head during the encounter.

Ecosystem Type

Shrublands or thickets


  • epiphyte
  • terrestrial
Leaf arrangement:
Number of leaves on stem:
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is lobed
Main color of labellum:
  • green to brown
  • pink to red
  • white
  • yellow
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
the labellum is lobed
Labellum length:
8–12 mm
Sepal length:
6 mm
Plant height:
25–130 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank Vulnerable
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data