Habenaria floribunda Lindl.

Toothed Rein Orchid

Facts About

Accepted Synonyms: Habenaria odontopetala, Platanthera garberi, Platantheroides herzogii

Habenaria floribunda, commonly known as the Toothed Rein Orchid, is distributed in the West Indies, Central America, Mexico, and is one of the most frequently seen orchids in central and southern Florida. This species produces 5 to 12 glossy bright green leaves that gradually reduce in size towards the inflorescence of 10-60 flowers arranged in a raceme up to 1 m tall. The sepals are green and the petals and lip are a light green. The flowers become more markedly yellow in south Florida. The labellum is lobed and has a spur of 25 mm in length. This orchid is known for its very unpleasant odor and blooms in September up north and in February in its southernmost range in rich, damp hardwood hammocks and thickets.

Habenaria floribunda is widely distributed across Central and South America and is apparently secure.


The pollinators of this orchid are unknown in North American populations but the light green to white flower color and overall morphology suggest this orchid is moth pollinated. In observations of moths pollinating Habenaria outside North America, the pollinia is usually attached to the moth’s eyes or proboscis.

Ecosystem Type

Bogs, forests, marshes, shrublands or thickets, swamps, woodlands


Leaf arrangement:
Number of leaves on stem:
  • six
  • seven or more
Form of the labellum:
the labellum is not pouch-like
Labellum outline:
the labellum is simple
Main color of labellum:
  • green to brown
  • yellow
Nectar spur:
Inflorescence type:
the inflorescence is a raceme
Labellum characteristics:
the labellum has a spur
Sepal length:
4–7 mm
Plant height:
Up to 100 cm
Show All Characteristics

Native to North America


North American Conservation Status & Distribution

Conservation Status

Select a location to view conservation status:

Conservation and Wetland Status
Global Rank Apparently Secure
US Status N/A
Canadian Status N/A

North America Distribution

Adapted from USDA data